Dr. Anne C. Miller: The First Woman Doctor of the U.P.


March is Women’s History Month! The Upper Peninsula has been home to hundreds of remarkable women, many of whom accomplished great things without much recognition in their lifetime.

One of those amazing women was Dr. Anne C. Miller (1912-2008) of Crystal Falls. She was the first woman doctor to open a practice in the U.P.

Dr. Miller grew up in the small town of Pennington, New Jersey. She graduated high school there in 1932, and then attended what was then known as the Kansas City College of Osteopathy & Surgery.

“There were seven of us girls who entered medical school that year,” she recalled, “but only two of us graduated [in 1940]. Years ago, the men in medical school always bragged about how they ‘got rid’ of the women who tried to become doctors. But I didn’t have any problem staying with the studies.”

After obtaining her medical license, Dr. Miller ended up in Crystal Falls on somewhat of a whim. “I wanted to practice in a small town and made a list of them,” she said. “Funny thing, Crystal Falls wasn’t on my list! I stopped there on my way to explore an opportunity in Iron River and spent the night in the Crystal Inn. I noticed how neat and well cared for the home was. The depression was over, and things were good again in Crystal Falls.” 

“The night clerk asked me why I was in town and encouraged me to stay in Crystal Falls,” she continued. “In the morning while I was eating breakfast, another fellow told me there was only one doctor in town and encouraged me to stay also. This was in April of 1942, and that September I opened my practice above Hammerbergs Drug Store, which had previously been prepared for a doctor who never arrived.” 

The U.S. entered World War II the year before Miller opened her practice in Crystal Falls. Wartime meant things were tough for people, and she helped where and how she could. She provided free physicals and shots for children at an annual clinic, serving as many as 70 children on VJ Day, August 14, 1945. She also made regular visits to the Alpha and Amasa high schools where, in addition to performing exams and check-ups on the students, her regular patients could come and see her. 

Her many years of practice were filled with a variety of unexpected challenges. She remembered her first year as a primary care physician in the area and having difficulty communicating with the large population of Finnish residents. “I had to use an interpreter at first,” she explained. “I almost quit that first year, but this wonderful lady said to me, ‘What would we do without you?’ and I knew that I was needed here.” 

Dr. Miller’s primary business was home visits, and her patients could always count on her to get to them, even in the most remote areas of Iron County. “Very few people had phones in those days,” she remembered, “and in an emergency, they would have to travel to their nearest neighbor with a phone.” 

She recalled one night making a house call in Mansfield (a small mining village about eight miles from Crystal Falls) and being able to reach out her car window and almost touch the abundant deer and people swinging their lanterns to show her the way to the home of the family in need.  

The rural nature of the communities she served often made for demanding days. Once Dr. Miller was called to deliver two babies at the same time, one in Amasa and the other in Alpha, locations that are fifteen miles apart from each other. She joked, “That time, the babies cooperated and waited their turns to enter the world.” She was able to make the arduous trek between the communities in time to deliver them both!

Long distances weren’t the only challenge for her rural practice; the harsh U.P. winters also complicated her job. Dr. Miller recalled getting stuck many times when her car couldn’t make it up the snowy hills of Crystal Falls.

“Winters were bad. When it was 20 below zero and I needed a push to get my car started, I would walk across the street and get some men to give me a push–they never refused. And Joe Sartori, God bless him for putting chains on my car so I could make it up the big hill!” 

Dr. Miller was known for not only having the right cure for a variety of illness and expertly delivering babies, some of her patients also remembered that she provided services above and beyond the call of duty. One former patient recalled having her ears pierced by Dr. Miller. 

Dr. Miller made house calls for her entire career, retiring after 50 years of practice. She still saw patients on a part-time basis in her retirement, making her last house call at age 85 in 1997. She passed away in 2008. 

She was beloved by her community and did her work quietly, never receiving much recognition for her accomplishments in her lifetime, though she was named “Woman of the Year” by the city of Crystal Falls in 1990.

Her enormous community impact can still be seen to this day in the hundreds of former patients, some of whom still credit their good health to the diligent care of the first independent woman doctor of the Upper Peninsula: Dr. Anne C. Miller. 

(Quotes from Dr. Miller from “Through the Years: Wonderful Women in Iron County” by Audrey Ridolfi).

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Erika Sauter

Erika Sauter is the Director for the Iron County Historical & Museum Society in Caspian, Michigan. She is an Iron County native with a passion for community development and historical preservation, the two of which she has worked in professionally for the last five years. Sauter is also a published children’s book author, and enjoys writing about and sharing local history as part of her role at the museum.


  1. Lynette S Webber on March 25, 2022 at 7:09 am

    Using “first” as a descriptor is always bold… in this case, it may be a stretch. Dr. Alfhilde Heideman (grad. University of Helsingfors/Helsinki) was practicing in Calumet before Dr. Miller was born. We all learn something new every day!

    Thanks for covering Women’s History Month and the U.P.

    • Erika Sauter on March 25, 2022 at 10:19 am

      Hi Lynette – Thanks for sharing! I got the “first” claim from a local newspaper who had written about her many years ago, but maybe they meant she was the first to own her own practice? I love learning about the amazing women of the U.P.!

    • Patt McKee on March 31, 2022 at 5:55 pm

      I remember I started working for Dr. Ralph Carlson and Dr Paul Trump in Iron Mountain in 1975. Dr. Anne Miller referred patients to our Dr.s for Surgery.

  2. P Turner on March 29, 2022 at 7:08 pm

    Dr. Miller was Anne Palmatier who married Leslie Miller elementary principal at Crystal Falls.

  3. Kathleen Olson Forsberg on March 30, 2022 at 1:19 am

    She was my doctor for years and pierced my ears and my mom’s. Great lady her husband was principal in my school.

  4. Stephanie Ventimiglio [Hoholek} on March 30, 2022 at 2:08 pm

    I love the history of Anne Miller, brought back many memories of my first visit to a Dr. in Crystal Falls. I remember how kind she was and gentle. cause I was scared to death. Very nice lady. I don’t even remember if she even charged me for the visit. or who paid for the visit. ??? I was about 16 years old then. Now I’m 88. Thank God for Dr. Miller..

  5. Paul Foucault on March 30, 2022 at 8:22 pm

    I believe that Dr. Miller may have saved my life. I was very sick as a young child. By the time my dad got me to see Dr. Miller, she exclaimed (according to my dad): “My God…he looks like a holocaust baby!”. I was taken directly to Marquette General hospital and underwent two surgeries for pyloric stenosis. The first one didn’t work and I had to have a second surgery. I must have been in pretty rough shape as I was told that I was baptized on the operating table. This was in 1948, I did see Dr. Miller at times as an adult and I felt that she provided a great service to her patients.

  6. Debbi Lynd on March 19, 2024 at 1:56 pm

    What a wonderful article! I remembefolks talking about her and how selfless she was. 💜

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